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TitleApplications of Psychology With Special Reference to Pakistan
TagsCounseling Psychology Psychology & Cognitive Science Industrial And Organizational Psychology
File Size380.7 KB
Total Pages4
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Applications of Psychology with special

reference to Pakistan

Psychology is an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental

processes and behavior. Psychology also refers to the application of such knowledge to various

spheres of human activity, including relating to individuals' daily lives and the treatment of

mental illness.

Psychology is an academic and applied field involving the study of behavior, mind and thought

and the subconscious neurological bases of behavior. Psychology also refers to the application

of such knowledge to various spheres of human activity, including problems of individuals' daily

lives and the treatment of mental illness. It is largely concerned with humans, although the

behavior and mental processes of animals can also be part of psychology research, either as a

subject in its own right (e.g. animal cognition and ethology), or somewhat more controversially,

as a way of gaining an insight into human psychology by means of comparison (including

comparative psychology). Psychology is commonly defined as the science of behavior and

mental processes.

Health Department:

Health psychology is the application of psychological theory and research to health, illness and

health care. Whereas clinical psychology focuses on mental health and neurological illness,

health psychology is concerned with the psychology of a much wider range of health-related

behavior including healthy eating, the doctor-patient relationship, a patient's understanding of

health information, and beliefs about illness. Health psychologists may be involved in public

health campaigns, examining the impact of illness or health policy on quality of life or in

research into the psychological impact of health

and social care.

Now a days, Health Psychology is also applied in

Pakistan like the developed countries. In Pakistan,

Health psychologists are involved in the

betterment of health policies by the government.

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Industrial Psychology:

Industrial and organizational psychology (I/O) is

among the newest fields in psychology. Industrial

Psychology focuses on improving, evaluating, and

predicting job performance while Organizational

Psychology focuses on how organizations impact

and interact with individuals. In 1910, through the

works and experiments of Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott, Industrial Psychology

became recognized as a legitimate part of the social science. Industrial organizational

psychologists look at questions regarding things such as who to hire, how to define and

measure successful job performance, how to prepare people to be more successful in their

jobs, how to create and change jobs so that they are safer and make people happier, and how

to structure the organization to allow people to achieve their potential.

I/O psychologists are employed by academic institutions, consulting firms, internal human

resources in industries, and governmental institutions. Various universities across the Pakistan

are beginning to strengthen their I/O Psychology programs due to the increase of interest and

job demand in the field.

Educational Psychology:

Educational Psychology is concerned with all aspects of psychology that are relevant to

education and psychology, particularly in the areas of human development, learning and

motivation, education of the gifted and talented, and instructional psychology. The role of

Educational Psychology is to bring together theory and research from psychology and related

disciplines in order to facilitate healthy human development and effective learning and


Educational psychology is rarely applied in

Pakistan. But it is one of the significant

field of psychology that is atleast applied

in Pakistan to some extent.

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