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to render decisions
This teaches that a rabbi may not render decisions when drunk (Kerithoth 13b; Yad, Biyath HaMikdash 1:3).
According to some, this also implies a positive commandment for a duly qualified rabbi to render decisions in Torah
law (Sefer Mitzvoth Katan 111; Cheredim, Positive 4:20).

remainder of...
See Leviticus 9:17.

However
(Saadia).

on top of
(Rashi). See note on Leviticus 7:30.

inquired
This is the middle word of the Torah.

goat...
See Leviticus 9:15 (Baaley Tosafoth).

eat the sin offering...
See Leviticus 6:22.

Since its blood...
See Leviticus 6:23.

sacrificed
Helped sacrifice (Rashbam; see Leviticus 9:8,12,15). Or, 'Did they then offer ...' (Rashi).

tragedy
(Saadia).

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Contents » Calendar » Find » Reference

Translation


Leviticus 11

Genesis

Exodus

Levi t icus
Subjects

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27
Numbers

Deuteronomy

The Dietary Laws

11:1 God spoke to Moses and Aaron, telling them
11:2 to speak to the Israelites, and convey the following to them:

Of all the animals in the world, these are the ones that you may eat:

11:3 Among mammals, you may eat [any one] that has true hooves that are cloven and that brings up its cud.
11:4 However, among the cud-chewing, hoofed animals, these are the ones that you may not eat:

The camel shall be unclean to you although it brings up its cud, since it does not have a true hoof.

11:5 The hyrax shall be unclean to you although it brings up its cud, since it does not have a true hoof.
11:6 The hare shall be unclean to you although it brings up its cud, since it does not have a true hoof.
11:7 The pig shall be unclean to you although it has a true hoof which is cloven, since it does not chew its cud.

11:8 Do not eat the flesh of any of these animals. [At this time] do not touch their carcasses, since they are
unclean to you.

11:9 This is what you may eat of all that is in the water:

You may eat any creature that lives in the water, whether in seas or rivers, as long as it has fins and
scales.

11:10 [On the other hand], all creatures in seas and rivers that do not have fins and scales, whether they are small
aquatic animals or other aquatic creatures, must be avoided by you.

11:11 They will [always] be something to be shunned. You must avoid them by not eating their flesh.
11:12 Every aquatic creature without fins and scales must be shunned by you.

11:13 These are the flying animals that you must avoid. Since they are to be avoided, do not eat any [of the
following]:

The eagle, the ossifrage, the osprey,

11:14 the kite, the vulture family,
11:15 the entire raven family,
11:16 the ostrich, the owl, the gull, the hawk family,
11:17 the falcon, the cormorant, the ibis,
11:18 the swan, the pelican, the magpie,
11:19 the stork, the heron family, the hoopoe, and the bat.
11:20 Every flying insect that uses four legs for walking shall be avoided by you.
11:21 The only flying insects with four walking legs that you may eat are those which have knees extending

above their feet, [using these longer legs] to hop on the ground.
11:22 Among these, you may [only] eat members of the red locust family, the yellow locust family, the spotted

grey locust family, and the white locust family.
11:23 All other flying insects with four feet [for walking] must be avoided by you.
11:24 There are [also] animals that will defile you so that anyone touching their carcasses will be unclean until

evening.
11:25 Furthermore, anyone lifting their carcasses will have to immerse [even] his clothing, and then remain

unclean until evening.
11:26 Thus, every animal that has true hooves, but is not cloven-hoofed and does not bring up its cud, is

unclean to you, and anyone touching [its flesh] shall become unclean.
11:27 [Similarly], every animal that walks on its paws among four-footed animals shall be unclean to you, and

anyone touching its carcass shall be unclean until evening.

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Tzoar
See Genesis 13:10 , 19:22.

God's servant
During his entire lifetime (Ralbag) and even in death (Ibn Ezra). He was not called this until after he had died
(Bachya). Cf. Joshua 1:1.

died
There is a dispute in the Talmud as to whether this was written by Joshua, or prophetically by Moses (Bava Bathra
15a; Sifri; Rashi). See Joshua 24:26.

at God's word
(Targum). Or, 'with God's mouth,' that is with the divine kiss (Sifri; Rashi; Moreh Nevukhim 3:51).

God
(Sotah 9b, 14a; Rashi; Ralbag). Or, 'He buried himself' (Lekach Tov; Ibn Ezra; Bachya; Sforno). Or, 'they buried
him' (Septuagint).

depression
Gey in Hebrew. See Numbers 21:19 .

Beth Peor
See Numbers 23:28 , Joshua 13:20.

to this day
Some say that this was written by Joshua (Ibn Ezra). See note on Deuteronomy 34:5 .

120 years old...
According to tradition, on 7 Adar, 2488 (February 23, 1273 b.c.e.) (Seder Olam 10; Kiddushin 38a). Other sources
indicate that he died on 1 Adar (Esther Rabbah 7:11; Josephus, Antiquities 4:8:49).

his eyes
(Targum; Septuagint). Or, 'his appearance;' cf. Exodus 34:29 (Chizzkuni; Bachya).

thirty days
See Numbers 20:29 .

laid his hands
Or, 'ordained.' See Numbers 27:18 , 8:10.

No other prophet...
It is therefore a basic principle of the Jewish Faith that no other human being ever had a revelation equal to that of
Moses (Thirteen Principles of Faith 7).

face to face
See Exodus 33:11 , Numbers 12:8 .

No one else could reproduce
(cf. Ramban; Ralbag. Also see Moreh Nevukhim 2:33). Or, 'There never has existed ...' (Saadia).

let him
Literally, 'sent him to ...'

mighty acts
Literally, 'mighty hand.' Or, 'all in his hand' (Septuagint).

great sights
Mora'oth in Hebrew; see Deuteronomy , 4:34. Some interpret this word as sights (Targum; Chizzkuni), while
others interpret it to denote fearsome acts (Ralbag; see HaKethav VeHaKabbalah).

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displayed
(Ramban). Literally, 'did.'

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Notice: This computer program is protected by copyright law and
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program, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal
penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under
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