Download Medical English 170X240 PDF

TitleMedical English 170X240
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Page 1

ZDRAVSTVENO VELEUČILIŠTE, ZAGREB

Petar Režić
Srebrenka Žurić Havelka

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II

Izdavač
ZDRAVSTVENO VELEUČILIŠTE

Mlinarska cesta 38, 10000 Zagreb
http://www.zvu.hr

Za izdavača
Prof. dr. sc. Mladen Havelka

Biblioteka
"Udžbenici i priručnici Zdravstvenog veleučilišta”

Svezak 42.

Urednik biblioteke
Prof. dr. sc. Predrag Keros

Lektor
Nitor usluge d.o.o.

Recenzenti
Prof. dr. sc. Miljenko Marotti
Prof. dr. sc. Marija Frković

Copyright © 2013.

Sva prava pridržana.

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ili umnažanjem u bilo kojem informatičkom sustavu za pohranjivanje
i korištenje bez prethodne suglasnosti vlasnika prava.

CIP zapis dostupan u računalnom katalogu Nacionalne i sveučilišne
knjižnice u Zagrebu pod brojem 832567.

ISBN 978-953-6239-34-4

Grafičko oblikovanje i tisak "Offset NP GTO tisak d.o.o.", 2013.

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Disorders and Pathological Conditions of the Male Reproductive System and
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

adenocarcinoma
of the prostate

malignant tumour of the prostate; this is the most
common cause of cancer in men over 50 years of age;
radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy are common
methods of treatment

anorchidism
(anorchia)

congenital absence of one or more testes

balanitis inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis

benign prostatic
hyperplasia
(hypertrophy)

overgrowth of glandular tissue of the prostate, often
associated with the aging process; as urethral lumen
is decreased causing a number of urinary problems
(cystitis, nephritis, etc.); surgical methods of removal
of the prostate gland include:
1. perineal prostatectomy (removal through the
perineum)
2. transurethral resection (TUR – excision through the
urethra)
3. suprapubic prostatectomy (removal through the
opening in the upper bladder)

cryptorchism,
cryptorchidism

undescended testicles; the testes descend into the
scrotal sac normally about 2 months before birth;
if not, the condition is referred to as chriptorchism;
if they do not descend on their ownby the end of a
child’s first year of life, correction involves surgical
suspension (orchyopexy) of the testes in the scrotum;
the condition may be unilateral or bilateral

epispadia congenital opening of the urethra on the upper
surface of the penis

hydrocele sac (hernia) of clear fluid in the scrotum or in the
tubes leading from the testes

hypospadia congenital opening of the urethra on the
undersurface of the penis

phimosis narrowing or stenosis of the opening of the foreskin
over the glans penis; the condition may interfere with
urination; treatment is by circumcision

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testicular carcinoma malignant tumour of the testes and ovaries; these
tumours are classified according to the type of tissue
that is involved in the disease; examples of testicular
carcinomas are seminoma, embryonal carcinoma,
choriocarcinoma, and teratocarcinoma (malignant
teratoma); the last one is composed of embryonic
tissue such as bone, hair, cartilage, and skin cells
and has an unpleasant or monster-like appearance;
the tumours are treated by surgery, radiotherapy and
chemotherapy

varicocele swollen, enlarged, herniated veins near the testicles;
the condition is often associated with oligospermia
and infertility; oligospermic men with varicoceles
and scrotal pain should have a varicocelectomy; in
this procedure, the internal spermatic vein is ligated
(piece is cut out and ends are tied off), leading to a
marked increase in fertility.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD, Venereal Diseases)
The following conditions, occurring in both men and women, are the most

communicable diseases in the world and are transmitted by sexual inter-
course:

chlamydial
infection

bacterial infection of the urethra of men and the vagina
and cervix in women; men may experience dysuria and
a white or clear discharge from the penis; women may
develop a yellowish endocervical discharge, but often
the disease is asymptomatic

genital herpes infection of the skin and mucosa of the genitals caused
by herpes virus (HSV) type II and sometimes type I; after
primary infection, numerous recurrent episodes of the
disease often follow; in more severe cases lesions may
occur within the vagina and cervix, with ulceration or
necrosis of tissue; in such cases there is higher inci-
dence of cervical cancer; the disease is self-limiting and
there is no drug known to be effective as cure.

gonorrhoea inflammation of the genital tract mucous membranes
caused by infection with gonococcus; other areas of the
body such as eye, oral mucosa, rectum, and joints may

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