Download Talk To Me In Korean - Level 1 Lesson 16 PDF

TitleTalk To Me In Korean - Level 1 Lesson 16
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Page 1

TalkToMeInKorean.com - Free Korean Lesson Notes

LEVEL 1 LESSON 16

This PDF is to be used along with the MP3 audio lesson available at TalkToMeInKorean.com.
Please feel free to share TalkToMeInKorean’s free Korean lessons and PDF files with anybody who
is studying Korean. If you have any questions or feedback, visit TalkToMeInKorean.com.

In this lesson, we are going to learn how to conjugate Korean verbs.

When you look up verbs in a Korean dictionary, they are in this form:

가 [ga-da] = to go

먹 [meok-da] = to eat

자 [ ja-da] = to sleep

때리 [ttae-ri-da] = to hit

웃 [ut-da] = to laugh

And when you change the forms of these verbs to express the present tense, the future tense,

the past tense, and etc., the first thing you need to do is to drop the last letter, [da], and

then you have the verb stem.

Verb stems of the verbs above:

가 [ga]

먹 [meok]

자 [ ja]

때리 [ttae-ri]

웃 [ut]

And to these, you add the appropriate verb endings to make them complete. And in this lesson

we are going to learn how to change these dictionary forms of the verbs into the present

tense.

Page 2

TalkToMeInKorean.com - Free Korean Lesson Notes

LEVEL 1 LESSON 16

This PDF is to be used along with the MP3 audio lesson available at TalkToMeInKorean.com.
Please feel free to share TalkToMeInKorean’s free Korean lessons and PDF files with anybody who
is studying Korean. If you have any questions or feedback, visit TalkToMeInKorean.com.

The Present Tense
In order to conjugate a verb into the present tense, you take the verb stem, and add one of

these endings:

아요 [a-yo]
어요 [eo-yo]
여요 [yeo-yo]

** Note that we are introducing the endings in the polite language. Do not worry about learn-

ing to use different politeness levels. Once you have learned how to say everything in polite

language, changing it to other politeness levels is very easy to do.

So, which one of these three endings goes after which verb stem?

It’s quite simple.

If the verb stem’s last vowel is ㅏ[a] or ㅗ [o], it is followed by 아요 [a-yo].
If the last vowel is NOT 어요 [eo-yo].

And only one verb stem, which is 하 [ha], is followed by 여요 [yeo-yo].

Let’s look at some examples.

1)

가다 [ga-da] = to go

The verb stem is 가 [ga] and its last vowel is ㅏ [a] so you add 아요 [a-yo].

가요 [ga-yo] for ease of

pronunciation.

Page 3

TalkToMeInKorean.com - Free Korean Lesson Notes

LEVEL 1 LESSON 16

This PDF is to be used along with the MP3 audio lesson available at TalkToMeInKorean.com.
Please feel free to share TalkToMeInKorean’s free Korean lessons and PDF files with anybody who
is studying Korean. If you have any questions or feedback, visit TalkToMeInKorean.com.

가다 [ga-da] = to go (dictionary form)

--> 가요 [ga-yo] = I go. You go. He goes. She goes. They go. (present tense)

2)

[meok-da] = to eat

The verb stem is [meok] and its level vowel is [eo] so it is NOT ㅏ or ㅗ, so you add

[eo-yo].

So it becomes, [meo-geo-yo]

먹다 [meok-da] = to eat (dictionary form)

먹어요 [meo-geo-yo] = I eat. You eat., and etc. (present tense)

** Note that there is a liaison in the pronunciation at 먹 + 어 [meok + eo] which sounds like

머거 [meo-geo].

3)

[bo-da] = to see, to watch, to look

Verb stem? 보 [bo]

What is it followed by? [a-yo]

---> Over time, it started being pronounced and written as [bwa-yo]. (Say

보 + 아 + 요 three times as fast.)

보다 [bo-da] = to see, to watch, to look

봐요 [bwa-yo] = I see. I look. I watch. You look. and etc. (present tense)

Page 4

TalkToMeInKorean.com - Free Korean Lesson Notes

LEVEL 1 LESSON 16

This PDF is to be used along with the MP3 audio lesson available at TalkToMeInKorean.com.
Please feel free to share TalkToMeInKorean’s free Korean lessons and PDF files with anybody who
is studying Korean. If you have any questions or feedback, visit TalkToMeInKorean.com.

4)

보이다 [bo-i-da] = to be seen, to be visible

Verb stem? 보이 [bo-i]

보여요 [bo-yeo-yo]

5)

하다 [ha-da] = to do

What is it followed by? 여요 [yeo-yo]

하여요 [ha-yeo-yo]

해요 [hae-yo].

**

of it and you can form new verbs. We will introduce how to do this in lesson number 23. But

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