Download Understanding Your Dog for Dummies (ISBN - 0471768731) PDF

TitleUnderstanding Your Dog for Dummies (ISBN - 0471768731)
TagsFor Dummies
LanguageEnglish
File Size3.2 MB
Total Pages290
Table of Contents
                            Understanding Your Dog For Dummies
	About the Authors
	Dedication
	Authors’ Acknowledgments
	Contents at a Glance
	Table of Contents
	Introduction
		About This Book
		Conventions Used in This Book
		What You’re Not to Read
		Foolish Assumptions
		How This Book Is Organized
		Icons Used in This Book
		Where to Go from Here
	Part I: The Fascinating World of Dogs
		Chapter 1: A Dog for Life: Dog Psychology 101
			Is Your Dog a Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing?
			Age Influences
			Influencing Your Dog’s Learning
			Ain’t Misbehaving!
		Chapter 2: Understanding Your Dog
			How Dogs Came to Be Dogs
			Behavioral Traits Bred in the Bone
			Curing the Dog with an Overdeveloped Chasing Instinct
			Understanding Your Dog’s Sex Life
		Chapter 3: Communicating with Your Dog
			An English to Doglish Translation
			Seeing Eye to Eye
			Interpreting Vocal Tones and Intonations
			Making the Most of What You Say
			Listen to Your Dog’s Voice
			Reading Body Talk
		Chapter 4: Seeing Life from Your Dog’s Perspective
			Like Person, Like Dog (Similarities and Differences)
			Your Dog Needs Affection
			How Hierarchy Differs from Democracy
			Reinforcing Good Manners
	Part II: Embracing Your Dog’s Identity
		Chapter 5: Identifying Your Dog’s Individuality
			Identifying Your Dog’s Personality
			The Puppy Personality Test
			Evaluating Your Adult Dog
		Chapter 6: Interpreting Your Dog’s Breed-Specific Traits
			What Are Dog Breeds?
			A New Breed of Dog Classification
			Predicting Behavior from Breed
		Chapter 7: Sensory Perceptions
			Sight, Psychology, and Survival
			Hearing the World
			What a Dog’s Nose Knows
		Chapter 8: Meeting the Needs of Your Growing Puppy
			Creating a Lifelong Bond
			Preventing Problems
			Socializing Your Puppy
		Chapter 9: Reading and Communicating as Your Dog Ages
			Discovering Your Dog’s True Age
			Battling an Aging Body
			Diminishing Awareness
			Remembering the Aging Mind
	Part III: Doggie Delinquency
		Chapter 10: Inspiring Behavior with Motivational Techniques
			Choosing Training Tools and Gadgets
			Using a Reward System
			Tailoring Your Rewards to Your Dog’s Personality
			Shaping Behaviors
		Chapter 11: Helping Your Dog Learn from Everyday Living
			Consistency Counts
			Monitoring Human Behavior
			Living with Kids and Dogs
			Avoidance 101
		Chapter 12: Happy Training, Happy Tails
			I’m the Leader! Follow Me!
			Teaching Impulse Control
			Reconnection
	Part IV: Dogs Don’t Misbehave: Misperceptions and Solutions
		Chapter 13: Addressing and Solving Problem Behavior
			Personal Philosophy and the Problem Dog
			Denning Your Dog
			Silencing Excessive Barking
			Chewing
			Putting a Damper on Jumping
			Housetraining
		Chapter 14: Countering Anxiety-Based Behavior
			The Face of Fear
			The Leaky Dog Syndrome
			Curbing Separation Anxiety
			Soothing Fears and Phobias
		Chapter 15: Understanding and Resolving Aggressive Behavior
			Recognizing the Signs
			Factoring in Breed Traits
			Ruling Out Medical Factors
			Identifying Different Types of Aggression
			Controlling Aggression
			Preventing Aggression
			Figuring Out Whether Neutering Helps
	Part V: The Part of Tens
		Chapter 16: Ten Forms of Silent Communication
			Eye Contact
			Body Posture
			Touch
			Your Demeanor
			Unresponsiveness
			Mirrored Motion
			Looking at Your Dog Less
			Hand Signals
			Body Position
			Lure Touching
		Chapter 17: Ten Common Misunderstandings
			Every Dog Wants to Be Leader of the Pack
			A Wagging Tail Means a Happy and Friendly Dog
			Dogs Understand Human Language
			A Fearful Dog Won’t Bite
			Dogs Know When They’ve Done Wrong
			Dogs Sometimes Behave Out of Spite
			Dogs Hate Cats
			Dogs Like It When You Hug Them
			Your Stress Has No Effect on Your Dog
			Dogs’ Licks Are Kisses
		Chapter 18: Ten Ways to Become Your Dog’s Leader
			Control the Resources
			Teach Your Dog to Mind Her Manners
			Reserve High Places for Humans
			Emphasize Your Right of Way
			Use Time-Outs to Control Unruly Behavior
			Empathize
			Organize Space and Activities
			Practice Full Body Handling
			Restore Predictability
			Highlight the Positive
	Index
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Understanding
Your Dog

FOR

DUMmIES


by Stanley Coren and Sarah Hodgson

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Page 2

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Page 145

� Obviously, if you’re close to your dog, you can always touch
him. However, it’s important to always touch him in the same
place so that he recognizes that it is a signal and not a poten-
tial threat. The shoulder or top of the head are ideal.

Always leash a hearing-impaired dog when walking him in an unen-
closed area, such as the park. In these areas, a long or retractable
leash is ideal because it still allows the dog to run and play but
gives his owner control over him. Buy a dog tag that states, “Help
me home. I’m deaf,” and includes an updated phone number,
should he mistakenly get loose.

Chapter 9: Reading and Communicating as Your Dog Ages 129

Other sources of hearing loss
In some cases, what appears to be age-related hearing loss may actually be due to
other factors that can be remedied. The dog’s ear canal is much longer than that of
humans, and it takes a right angle turn as it reaches the eardrum. This shape, unfor-
tunately, is ideal for collection of debris. Wax, dirt, and hair build up in the canal and
create a plug that keeps the sound from reaching the eardrum. This same debris
can also attract ear mites, which in turn can cause ear infections (called otitis). All
these factors can result in swelling and fluid accumulation that can effectively block
much of the sound from reaching the middle ear.

Dogs that spend a lot of time in the water (especially pond or lake water that may
not be clean) are most susceptible to these problems. Furthermore, those long
floppy ears that look so appealing on dogs like hounds and spaniels also tend to
trap moisture and limit air circulation, which can turn the ear into a good breeding
ground for infections.

As in most cases, visible signs and symptoms usually suggest a problem with a dog’s
ears:

� The dog frequently shakes its head or scratches its ears.

� Touching the dog’s ears causes him to pull away or whimper.

� You can smell a putrid ear odor when you sniff.

� The dog walks with her head uncomfortably cocked to the side.

Lift the flap of the dog’s ear or check closely on a dog with pricked ears. You’re look-
ing for normal ears that are pink with a small amount of amber wax. (The wax actu-
ally helps to protect the ear canal.) Warning signs include any discharge, blood
blisters, excess reddening, or crumbly material.

These symptoms should prompt a call to your dog’s veterinarian. It is often the case
that a good ear cleaning and perhaps a course of antibiotics may well clear up hear-
ing difficulties.

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Put a bell on your dog. Though the bell is useless to a deaf dog, it
allows you to hear your dog when he’s on the move. This sound
allows you to find him more easily because he clearly can’t hear
you when you call.

When vision fades
Vision often fails in older dogs, although for more varied reasons
than the mechanical wear and tear most common in hearing loss:

� Chemical changes: As a dog ages, changes occur in the pro-
teins that make up the lens of his eye. These chemical modifi-
cations create inflexibility that limits the eyes’ focusing ability.
Even under the best of conditions, a dog’s vision for near
details is poor, but when the composition of the lens protein
shifts, he becomes even more farsighted. Though some focus-
ing ability may remain, it may take more time for the dog to
recognize objects and people.

� Aperture dysfunction: Another visual impairment occurs
when the pupil of the eye (through which light passes) loses
its ability to open and close efficiently. The inability to adjust
the size of the pupil in relation to given light conditions
degrades the quality of the visual image.

� Nuclear sclerosis: For most owners, the most visible change in
the dog’s eye is a haziness that appears on the lens of an older
dog’s eyes, called nuclear sclerosis. On the bright side, this con-
dition doesn’t affect sight much, unless this cloudiness becomes
dense (when it appears to be almost white). An inexperienced
viewer may mistake this cloudiness for the condition known as
cataracts.

Part II: Embracing Your Dog’s Identity 130

Why deaf dogs bark so much
A common problem with deaf dogs is excessive barking. While they obviously can’t
hear their own barks well, they still recognize the sensation barking creates and a
human’s reaction to their behavior. If their barking is effective in attracting atten-
tion, they’ll continue to bark, and often bark louder in an attempt to hear themselves
as they once could. Though the root cause of hearing-loss barking is often a feel-
ing of confusion or social isolation, a human comforting the deaf dog that is bark-
ing noisily actually makes him more anxious about his predicament.

A much more effective strategy is to put the dog in a small room or his kennel until
the barking stops. Wait for a pause in the barking of 30 seconds or more and then
let him out and reward his now quiet behavior.

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